aetiology of psychoactive substance use

a report and critically annotated bibliography on research into the aetiology of alcohol, nicotine, opiate and other psychoactive substance use
  • 226 Pages
  • 1.63 MB
  • 8098 Downloads
  • English
by
Unesco , Paris
Drug abuse -- Etiology -- Bibliography., Alcoholism -- Etiology -- Bibliography., Tobacco use -- Etiology -- Bibliogr
StatementC. Fazey.
GenreBibliography.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsZ6664.N5 F38, RC566 F38
The Physical Object
Paginationvii, 226 p. ;
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL4682503M
ISBN 109231015087
LC Control Number77573983

Craving or a strong desire or urge to use a specific substance. Severity specifiers: Mild: criteria Moderate: 4 or 5 Severe: 6 or more 9. ICD 10 F10 - F19 MENTAL AND BEHAVIOURAL DISORDERS DUE TO PSYCHOACTIVE SUBSTANCE USE F DISORDERS DUE TO USE OF ALCOHOL F DISORDERS DUE TO USE OF OPIOIDS F Get this from a library.

The aetiology of psychoactive substance use: a report and critically annotated bibliography on research into the aetiology of alcohol, nicotine, opiate and other psychoactive substance use. [C Fazey] -- entries to worldwide journal articles, books, and chapters published since Focuses on nonmedical drug use, polydrug use, and drug use and abuse as social.

continued substance use despite knowledge of having a persistent or recurrent social, physiological, or physical problem that is caused or exacerbated by the use of the substance (e.g., keeps heroin despite family arguments about it, cocaine-induced depression, or having an ulcer made worse by drinking)Author: Carolyn E.

Fulco, Catharyn T. Liverman, Laurence E. Earley. The use of domain models in the treatment of SUD. The components of domain models may be useful not only in conceptualizing the aetiology of SUD and identifying target areas for change, but also for highlighting potential domains of biopsychosocial functioning that may influence recovery and risk of relapse, such as those included in the cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) domain models Cited by: Psychoactive drug use can be traced to is archaeological evidence of the use of psychoactive substances (mostly plants) dating back at le years, and historical evidence of cultural use over the past 5, years.

The chewing of coca leaves, for example, dates back over 8, years ago in Peruvian society. Research Summary. Novel Psychoactive Substances (NPS) and research chemicals, which contain a variety of unregulated psychoactive constituents (phenethylamines, cathinones, and synthetic cannabinoids) have become main stream on the illicit drug market and are commonly abused for their euphoric and stimulating effects.

The range of NPS drugs currently available on the market has.

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Novel Psychoactive Substances: Classification, Pharmacology and Toxicology provides readers with background on the classification, detection, supply and availability of novel psychoactive substances, otherwise known as "legal highs." This book also covers individual classes of novel psychoactive substances that have recently emerged onto the recreational drug scene and provides an overview of.

7 Psychoactive substance use disorders Introduction The administration of a psychoactive substance can lead to relatively rapid aetiology of psychoactive substance use book nervous system (CNS) effects, including a change in the level of consciousness or the state of mind.

This chapter considers the effects of alcohol and other psychoactive drugs, both illicit (such as cocaine and heroin) and licit. Aetiology 13 Aetiology 13 Neurobiology of misuse 13 4.

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Diagnosis 14 Clinical Features 14 ICD describes aetiology of psychoactive substance use book use as a pattern of psychoactive substance use that has caused the individual actual physical harm (as in cases of hepatitis from the self-administration of injected drugs) or mental harm (e.g.

episodes of depressive. Neuroscience Of Psychoactive Substance Use And Dependence book. Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Neuroscience of Psychoactive Su /5.

This study investigated the predictive role of demographic characteristics of psychoactive substance use disorders. This cross sectional survey study used accidental sampling techniques to recruit.

Neuroscience of Psychoactive Substance Use and Dependence provides an authoritative summary of current knowledge of the biological basis of substance use behaviours including their relationship with environmental factors.

The report focuses on a wide range of psychoactive substances including tobacco alcohol and illicit drugs. New developments in neuroscience research are discussed (e.g.

An impulse control disorder is a condition in which a person has trouble controlling emotions or behaviors. Often, the behaviors violate the rights of others or conflict with societal norms and the law. 1 Examples of impulse control disorders include oppositional defiant disorder, conduct disorder, intermittent explosive disorder, kleptomania, and pyromania.

The overall prevalence of psychoactive substance use disorders among the female participants was % [n = ] with rising rates from % in to % inand The prevalence trend shows.

Description aetiology of psychoactive substance use FB2

substance use disordersDisorders chararacterized by maladaptive use of psychoactive substances (e.g., substance dependence). substance abuseThe continued use of a psychoactive drug despite the knowledge that it is causing a social, occupational, psychological, or physical problem.

substance dependenceImpaired control. Psychoactive drugs are substances that can change the consciousness, mood, and thoughts of those who take them.

They include legal drugs, such as tobacco and alcohol; as well as illicit drugs, such as cannabis, amphetamines, ecstasy, cocaine, and heroin. Overall, the use of tobacco, alcohol, and other controlled drugs is growing rapidly and. The psychoactive substances are elements that perform specific changes in brain function.

The psychoactive character refers to substance that, when ingested, performs some kind of effect on the central nervous system. Psychoactive substances can be of multiple types and perform various functions at the brain level, such as inhibiting pain, modifying mood or altering perception.

Conceptualizing aetiology underpinning an individual’s substance use disorder (SUD) not only facilitates insight and understanding, but also serves to identify targets for treatment and aid practitioners in selecting the most appropriate interventions.

There is now a wealth of literature on aetiology and treatment approaches, and in more recent years, also literature to support the concept. Work is still being done to determine the direct causes of substance abuse and mental health issues. While there is still much to be discovered, it is known that a number of factors play into the development of these disorders, and many of these factors are similar across both mental health and.

Define psychoactive substance. psychoactive substance synonyms, psychoactive substance pronunciation, psychoactive substance translation, English dictionary definition of psychoactive substance.

The Psychoactive Substances Act comes into force on April 6 and will make it an offence to produce, supply or offer to supply any psychoactive. Novel psychoactive substances (NPS; also known as new psychoactive substances or popularly, although erroneously, as ‘legal highs’) is the name given to drugs that are newly synthesised or newly available, and which do not fall under the control of United Nations Drug drugs exist as a result of advances in academic, industrial, and psychonautic chemistry and are used for.

habitually and preferentially use one substance are fundamentally different from those who use another” (Tarter & Mezzich, ). A recent study found that among the relatives of persons with substance use disorders, rates of all substance use disorders were higher than those among the relatives of controls (Merikangas et al., ).

Novel Psychoactive Substances: Classification, Pharmacology and Toxicology provides readers with background on the classification, detection, supply and availability of novel psychoactive substances, otherwise known as "legal highs." This book also covers individual classes of novel psychoactive substances that have recently emerged onto the recreational drug scene and provides an overview of /5(2).

There have been too few similar attempts to discuss psychoactive substance use in general. Because this topic is an important one and the book is out of print, the Drug Dependence Research Center at UCSF is presenting excerpts from Perspectives on the History of Psychoactive Substance Use on our website and selected others.

If conditions permit. For all those who might like to believe that drug use has been relegated to the suburban rec rooms and ghetto crack houses of the late twentieth century, The Encyclopedia of Psychoactive Substances offers shocking, yet thoroughly enlightening evidence to the contrary.

In fact, from Neolithic man to Queen Victoria, humans have abused all sorts of drugs in the name of religion, tradition, and 1/5(1). Classification, aetiology, management and prognostic factors. The doctor-patient communication. History taking and clinical examination 6. Organic psychiatry.

Psychoactive substance use disorders 8. Schizophrenia and delusional (paranoid disorders) 9. Mood disorders, suicide and parasuicide. Neurotic and other stress-related. Psychoactive Substance Abuse: [ ah-būs´ ] misuse, maltreatment, or excessive use.

child abuse see child abuse. domestic abuse abuse of a person by another person with whom the victim is living, has lived, or with whom a significant relationship exists. The abuse may take the form of verbal abuse, sexual abuse, physical battering, or. Some psychoactive chemicals _____ the central nervous system, creating what appears to be a compulsion to use the drug to restore a sense of well-being.

alter The theory has treatment implications compared to legal implications. true or false. Hallucinogen Persisting Perception Disorder (HPPD) is a rare, and therefore, poorly understood condition linked to hallucinogenic drugs consumption. The prevalence of this disorder is low; the condition is more often diagnosed in individuals with a history of previous psychological issues or substance misuse, but it can arise in anyone, even after a single exposure to triggering by: psychoactive [si″ko-ak´tiv] affecting the mind or behavior; see psychoactive substance.

Called also psychotropic. psychoactive substance–induced organic mental disorders former name for substance-induced disorders. psychoactive substance use disorders substance use disorders. psychoactive (sī'kō-ak'tiv), Possessing the ability to alter mood. Definition of psychoactive substance in the Dictionary.

Meaning of psychoactive substance. What does psychoactive substance mean? Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word psychoactive substance. Information about psychoactive substance in the dictionary, synonyms and antonyms.Alcohol, sometimes referred to by the chemical name ethanol, is a psychoactive drug that is the active ingredient in drinks such as beer, wine, and distilled spirits (hard liquor).

It is one of the oldest and most common recreational substances, causing the characteristic effects of alcohol intoxication ("drunkenness"). Among other effects, alcohol produces a mood lift and euphoria, decreased Pregnancy category: US: C (Risk not ruled out). ICD excludes psychotic episodes attributed to psychoactive substance use from a primary classification similar to DSM-IV.

Unlike DSM-IV, ICS does not provide a separate psychoactive substance-related category for any other type of psychiatric disorder. aetiology and assessment of co morbidity in alcohol abuse, the next section is /5(32).